Ð’ Prejudice and stereotypes as illusion.
Stereotypes mean extremely stable and writing about an article Kent School
limited understanding of method of essay writing the university of adelaide (navitas)
a social object or situation by which people are guided in their behavior without a second thought (Myers, 2012; Feenstra, 2013). A major role in the structure of a stereotype belongs to its emotional charge, which clearly indicates to writing about an article Kent School
what is acceptable and unacceptable in relation to any object. Thus, if an object of a stereotype is another person, the major features are often oneÐ²Ð‚â„¢s gender, nationality, or profession, while other differences may be unduly ignored. According to Inzlicht and Schmader (2011), the how to write an objective essay holderness school
specificity of this approach lies in the unconscious division of people into Ð²Ð‚ÑšusÐ²Ð‚Ñœ and Ð²Ð‚ÑšthemÐ²Ð‚Ñœ with ingroup experiences perceived as idealized and endowed with pculiarities in a positive way (autostereotype), while outgroups are endowed with negative assessments (heterostereotype). As a result, stereotypes form a simplified and highly superficial understanding of the social reality phenomena.
In its turn, the concept of prejudice includes irrational components of social and individual consciousness, based on the writing about an article Kent School
inaccurate, distorted, stereotypized knowledge that was accepted uncritically, with the negative emotional manifestations becoming intense (Myers, 2012; Feenstra, 2013). A person with a prejudice may not like those who are different and discriminate against them by oneÐ²Ð‚â„¢s actions. Thus, while prejudice is a negative attitude, discrimination is a negative behavior. In general, basing on Myers (2012) and Inzlicht and Schmader (2011) studies, negative assessments as a measure of prejudice may be linked to the writing about an article Kent School
emotional associations, need to justify oneÐ²Ð‚â„¢s discriminatory behavior or stable negative beliefs, i.e. stereotypes.
Prejudices and stereotypes have several sources as they perform several functions. In particular, they can express a sense of oneÐ²Ð‚â„¢s Self and the desire to seek affectation from the society; defend self-concept from anxiety caused by uncertainty about oneÐ²Ð‚â„¢s own safety or internal conflict; as well as support group interests, values, and social status. Given the writing about an article Kent School
latter, in our opinion, one of the most important origins of method of essay writing the university of adelaide (navitas)
prejudice and stereotypes is kids essay writing glion institute of higher education,
social inequality. It is method of essay writing the university of adelaide (navitas),
difficult, for example, to disagree with Inzlicht and Schmader (2011) that stereotypical views about African Americans and women help to justify the lower social status of these groups. Indeed, prejudices basically help justify the economic and social superiority of method of essay writing the university of adelaide (navitas)
those with wealth and power. Meanwhile, attitudes can easily match the social hierarchy not only because they justify it, but also because occurring discrimination affects those who become its victims, and so the social beliefs can turn into self-fulfilling prophecies, as Myers (2012) and harvard business press fanshawe college
Feenstra (2013) argue.
In addition, identifying ourselves with certain groups, we include social identification into the personal one (i.e. a sense of personal qualities and attitudes). writing about an article Kent School.
As Myers (2012) marks, categorizing people into groups, we thus contrast our group to other groups (Ð²Ð‚ÑštheyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ) with a clear predisposition and how to write a introduction paragraph for an essay blue mountains international hotel management school
manifestation of favoritism for our own groups. As a result, a sense of belonging (Ð²Ð‚ÑšweÐ²Ð‚Ñœ-feeling) increases our self-concept and helps to achieve inner peace. We are looking for not only self-esteem, but also opportunities to be proud of our group. Moreover, the fact that we perceive our groups as different in the better way from the others contributes to the situation where we also tend to see ourselves in a more attractive light (Myers, 2012; Feenstra, 2013). On this basis, stereotypes successfully fix in the kids essay writing glion institute of higher education
public mind, and conformism here plays an important role. Indeed, the shaped prejudices are kept up mainly by inertia, as Feenstra (2013) reasonably notes. If a prejudice is accepted by the society, the majority will prefer to take the path of least and writing about an article Kent School
will promote stereotypes not so much because of the need to hate someone as because of the desire to be accepted and valued by this society.
In its essence, the underlying cause of stereotypesÐ²Ð‚â„¢ adoption is a non-developed cognitive component (Myers, 2012; Inzlicht & Schmader, 2011). writing about an article Kent School.
In particular, explaining the actions of writing about an article Kent School
others, an individual often makes a fundamental attribution error: being inclined to writing about an article Kent School
attribute the behavior of people to their internal dispositions, one does not consider important situational forces (Feenstra, 2013). In addition, as Myers (2012) puts this, it is an attribution error that makes an individual biased in the interpretation of oneÐ²Ð‚â„¢s own group membersÐ²Ð‚â„¢ behavior as positive, whereas positive actions committed by the members of an out-group are usually not taken into account. writing about an article Kent School.
In general, we sometimes make judgments or start communicating with someone having nothing but a stereotype at hand. In such cases, stereotypes and kids essay writing glion institute of higher education
prejudice are able to fully deprive of how to write an objective essay holderness school
objectivity and distort the how to write a introduction paragraph for an essay blue mountains international hotel management school
interpretation and memories of people and writing about an article Kent School
The modern view of prejudice arising due to the recent studies leads us to an idea of how stereotypical thinking becomes a byproduct of information processing Ð²Ð‚â€œ a method individuals apply to writing about an article Kent School
simplify the perception of the world. However, the writing about an article Kent School
emergence of illusive relationships between the belonging to harvard business press fanshawe college
a certain social group and oneÐ²Ð‚â„¢s behavior has both cognitive sources and harvard business press fanshawe college
cognitive consequences. Directing our interpretation and our memories, stereotypical thinking results in the fact that we find evidence in its favor, even where such evidence is writing about an article Kent School,
not present at all. Therefore, stereotypes are resilient and difficult to writing about an article Kent School
modify. And yet, there are some reserve methods that can weaken them. Thus, if status inequality creates prejudice, the society should strive to create relationships where cooperation and social equality will dominate. In particular, if we know that some type of discrimination is based on prejudice, we need to get rid of discrimination, but depriving it of any institutional support. Generally, it is writing about an article Kent School,
believed that the psychological and social health of a person is based on awareness of writing about an article Kent School
both oneÐ²Ð‚â„¢s own individuality and uniqueness and group identity, as well as oneÐ²Ð‚â„¢s belonging to all humanity.