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how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai

De-jobbing refers to the fact that jobs often change every day and cannot be specifically described in the traditional ways. Definition of critical thinking students st. johnsbury academy de-jobbing cannot be found in many publications but according to ‘answers.com' de-jobbing represents the gradual reverse of the process that created an employment driven economy now becoming obsolete as a result of globalisation and technological advancement which makes it unnecessary for every business unit to reinvent the wheel. ( http://wiki.answers.com ) Nowadays knowledge is available in how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai push of a button for everyone, for how to write law essays northfield mount hermon that reason organisations are looking for multi skilled employees in a flatter organisation. This paper will discuss and debate if de-jobbing is ultimately a product of the rapid changes taking place in business today or not. So why are companies and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai organisations trying to use de-jobbing more and more, what is the real reason behind it? To answer these questions the real world examples needed, some global and local organisations will be shown as examples to how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai, have better understanding of de-jobbing, to be more specific journal articles and newspaper publications about de-jobbing will be revealed. Before making first steps towards de-jobbing process, what is the understanding of a ‘Job' in our society? Business Dictionary describes it as a group of homogenous tasks related by similarity of functions. When performed by an employee in an exchange for pay, a job consists of duties, responsibilities, and tasks that are defined and essay writing quotes ics — international community school specific, and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai can be accomplished, measured and rated. ( businessdictionary ) In other words it s the what is critical thinking in education albert college activity which individuals do to how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai, earn money. Critical thinking students St. Johnsbury Academy! Endless economic crises, bankrupted companies, unsuccessful businesses have taught both the employee and employer one very important lesson. For the employer to hire people who work well, who will add something to the organisation and for job seekers to look for that kind of job which will give them perfect career and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai good wages in return. At the end of the day everyone gets paid for what they do and how they do it. Here is the important bit for companies who want to cut their labour costs but end up firing wrong people or by not organizing the downsizing accordingly. As continued from the how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai ‘Job' section of this paper it is important that organisations hire and fire right people. In many organisations today, jobs are becoming more nebulous or shapeless and more difficult to how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai, define and understand, meaning one thing, the how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai trend is critical thinking subjects stevenson academy towards de-jobbing. It is a broadening the tasks of the how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai company jobs, and encouraging workers not to how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai, limit themselves to critical thinking subjects stevenson academy, what's on their job descriptions is a result of the changes taking place in modern workplaces. In other words one person does more than what they should normally do in the workplace, or doing many different things which were not even mentioned in job description. Companies need to beginning essay writing the fessenden school, tackle with ever changing trends such as technological change, competition with rivals, deregulation, political instability, social changes, and the shift in economy. Companies do these things to be more competitive, and responsive, and generally more flexible. In other words, the organisational methods managers use to complete this have helped weaken the meaning of job as well as a well defined and what is critical thinking in education albert college clearly described set of responsibilities. Something dramatic is what is critical thinking in education albert college going on in our world, to critical thinking subjects stevenson academy, be specific we are witnessing the how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai disappearance of jobs. Not some particular jobs in essay writing quotes ics — international community school certain that are disappearing but the very thing itself, “the job” that is fading away. It is not a joke or something like that but it is what happening these days, ‘Yes'. Take for example farmers many jobs within that industry disappeared because of computerization or machinery. Robots do it for us, thus leaving people to look for something else to do. Very good example can be the services we use nowadays, in the banks when paying money in how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai and out in many banks we cannot see cashiers anymore, computers can do it for how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai you. What is critical thinking in education Albert College! There are many examples of such situations but those will be discussed in how to write law essays northfield mount hermon latter pages of this paper. After few decades, modern world will marvel that we couldn't see more clearly what was happening. Articles on writing MacEwan University! And then again looking 50 years back who would have imagined the world of today? We people will observe how fixated we were on the continuing rounds of layoffs, the growing use of temps, and the occurrence of outsourcing. The time will come when the job itself won't be good enough to accomplish a given task. There are and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai were predictions that there would be labour shortages in some parts of the world, and that there would be so many jobs that it would be workers market not the job givers, but that has not happened, and there are many reasons for how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai that. One of the biggest reasons remains to be advancement in technology, or rapid advancement in what is critical thinking in education albert college technology, so fast that no one could predict it. And then there is constant migration of people, perfect example can be United Kingdom itself. When European Union expanded towards Eastern Europe many people from those countries moved to west Europe to work. Many companies benefited from this migration in many ways. All these have again proved specialists and so called experts wrong in their future predictions. The point is that there will always be people to do the jobs, but will those be the right people for how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai those positions or slots. There is a change coming to our understanding of jobs and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai the way we do them. People are afraid of change, for some it is difficulties, difficulty to learn something new to how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai, stay in his/her position, but for some that change is opportunity; opportunity for how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai those who know how to turn change, to their advantage. Furthermore it will be opportunity for people who believe in what is critical thinking in education albert college themselves and how they will take their chances. Even if jobs or businesses of how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai those people are not innovation minded in those conditions, they will need to deal with that sooner or later, because that will be the defining moment for future of their jobs or businesses. The change which we are talking here is ‘de-jobbing' which is already happening. There are many examples of modern institutions which have taken big steps towards de-jobbing their jobs. How should businesses respond to these new realities? Good answer will be to teach and educate employees about what company is trying to attain, and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai show them where their piece of work stands in how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai the bigger picture. What is critical thinking in education Albert College! However, this may take time and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai outcomes might be disappointing. Management would say that employees just don't get the idea of what we are trying to do, but better answer is to address the issue straight that people holding on to their jobs. But in reality what management fails to see is articles on writing macewan university that, management themselves directing people and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai showing them what to do, how to do it and then paying them for that. Nowadays we can see many people getting paid for their innovations, technology and computing sector leading the way. Those people manage themselves; there are no supervisors or managers checking their performance and work rate. And the interesting thing about is that they work for companies not themselves and still get paid much better. Articles on writing MacEwan University! That is not what we used to mean when describing a job, but there are people who do those kinds of how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai jobs. So what are the chances that in how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai future many people will do that kind of jobs? Throughout centuries we were looking for faster production, faster distribution, faster service and what makes that possible? Special minds, innovative minds gives us such advantage, it was and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai will be like that for articles on writing macewan university decades to come. The jobs are vanishing as a result of these things, this is where de-jobbing happens. One person does multiple tasks on its own, and in some cases does it much better than two or group of people of course by help of how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai machinery, robots, and essay writing quotes ics — international community school computers and so on. For that reason organisations right to give their employees multiple tasks, because in some organisations there are many small things need to how to write law essays northfield mount hermon, be done that management cannot just go and hire someone else to essay writing quotes ics — international community school, do that job for them. There are organisations which are cutting their expenses by taking such actions which are profitable for beginning essay writing the fessenden school them. Or some of them are reducing management levels, there are many companies which have taken such actions and succeeded with it. Let's look at some types of organisations where such things can be done. The Boundary less Organisation: In ‘Boundary less' organisation the widespread use of teams and cross-functional task forces reduces and makes more permeable the how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai boundaries that typically separate departments such as customer services and sales, and hierarchical ranks. In such organisations foster responsiveness by cheering employees to critical thinking students st. johnsbury academy, liberate themselves of ‘it is not my job' attitude which naturally create walls between one employee and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai another. Instead the focus is on concentrating on project or task at what is critical thinking in education albert college hand in terms of the overall best interests of the organisation, thereby further reducing the critical thinking subjects stevenson academy thought of a job as a clearly defined set of duties. Re-engineering is the fundamental rethinking and articles on writing macewan university radical redesign of the business processes to achieve dramatic improvements in critical contemporary measures of performance, such as cost, quality, service, and speed. ( http://www.citeman.com ) The old ideas and rules of the company should change fundamentally, at the same time beliefs which shaped the main structure and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai management of critical thinking students st. johnsbury academy business for many years like divided work groups or divisions within the critical thinking subjects stevenson academy organisation should be retired. Jobs can be reengineered in many ways, for critical thinking students st. johnsbury academy example one way is how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai to assign group of people for few relatively enlarged and enriched jobs. This makes whole group responsible for the result rather than one person. It will give more responsibility to the group, results can be judged by the how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai performance of that group. how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai! By doing so team will become more responsible and there will be mutual respect within the individuals. It is the way of life in many organisations these days. If organisation loses money, or is not performing well, downsizing comes to mind. Many managers think that by downsizing company can improve its overall performance and that it will make huge profits by how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai, doing so. But in experience it is not really effective, results are not encouraging enough to how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai, say that by downsizing business will do better. It is intended to show positive results, but it does more harm than good to some businesses and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai their workforce. Downsizing is reduction in size of workforce as all staffing levels, to survive a downturn, improve efficiencies, or become a more attractive candidate for acquisition or merger. Main reasons behind the downsizing are to reduce expenses and costs, reduce the articles on writing macewan university management hierarchy to fasten the decision making in how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai management level, sharpen focus on core competencies, satisfy the shareholders and increase the productivity. While organisation might or might not benefit from how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai downsizing is yet to be seen, but it surely leaves some effects within the organisation and externally as well. One of the big sufferers of how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai downsizing is workers within the organisation. Downsizing can bring stress and motivation disruptions in the workplace. Workers will be in beginning essay writing the fessenden school constant stress of being the next person to leave the company. This can increase the anger and fear among workers. Employees will have low commitment to work due to constant fear, such things might negatively impact on customer service department and can leave negative impact on productivity and the quality of the job done. While, survivors of such actions might experience more stress of articles on writing macewan university long hour shifts and more responsibility added to their work, and anxiety about beginning essay writing the fessenden school, future downsizings. Downsizing plays big part in de-jobbing process, and many companies have no choice but downsize first and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai do de-jobbing afterwards. Experts say downsizing is not good for the overall performance of the company, but then again organisations do downsize no matter what experts say. The results are yet to be seen as world goes through one of the biggest crisis's of all time, and many companies downsizing, the real effect of downsizing will be seen in how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai 2 or 3 years time. Why? Because ‘Credit Crunch' era many companies applied downsizing and that there will be more cases after this crisis to discuss rather than now. Here are some examples from worlds global and local businesses on how they have experienced the de-jobbing process and have they succeeded with their actions or not: Prezzo PLC - there were numerous changes in many sections of the company, notably in restaurants of the company. The management decided that everyone must do more than what their job responsibilities are. Such as waiters doing the jobs of assistant managers and critical thinking subjects stevenson academy chefs must order the stock. Workers of course wouldn't get payed more money for their efforts but there were arguments within the staff that ‘this is your job and that is yours' kind situation, which creates disorder in working place. Lloyds TSB Bank - the bank announced that it will cut 5000 jobs in how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai order to cut its expenses and how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai be more competitive against their rivals. The remaining staff would replace the essay writing quotes ics — international community school ones who left. how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai! ( The Guardian, 2009 ) BBC - the BBC is to cut 2050 jobs aimed at saving hundreds of millions pounds a year. Cuts will include 420 in how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai news, 66 in sport, 150 in drama, 735 in how to write law essays northfield mount hermon the regions, 58 in how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai new media and 424 in factual and learning. That will follow the what is critical thinking in education albert college previous 1730 job cuts. Director general said that there were risks in what is critical thinking in education albert college undertaking change on such a large scale. But underlined they have staff in place to replace them. ( Evening Standard, 2009 ) Versace - is to slash one quarter of its workforce which is 350 jobs worldwide by the middle of the next year. In a statement, group said that it was preparing a comprehensive corporate reorganisation designed to increase efficiency, return the group to profitability in 2011 and ensure its future growth prospects. ( The Times, 2009 ) Ericsson - is beginning essay writing the fessenden school to axe up to 700 jobs, more than 17 percent of its UK workforce. Company announced that this move is part of Ericsson's ongoing global cost reduction activities and is subject to consultations with trade unions and employee forums. ( The Times, 2009 ) Fujitsu - Company announced plans to how to write law essays northfield mount hermon, cut 1200 jobs in UK. Essay writing quotes ICS — International Community School! The company said today that the cuts will come at critical thinking subjects stevenson academy its services business, saying that action is necessary to ensure that the company remains competitive in the difficult global economic climate and is in a solid position for future growth when the economy starts to recover. ( The Telegraph, 2009) Rolce Royce - the defence and aerospace group, plans to cut 140 jobs in the UK as part of a move to axe 2000 jobs globally. Company statement says that they are determined to maintain their focus on cost reduction and competitiveness as the world economy enters a challenging period. However, it was too early to determine the precise effects of the global economic downturn. ( The Telegraph, 2008 ) Scania - the Swedish heavy vehicle and engine manufacturer plans to dismiss 70 employees from its factory in Brazil. Articles on writing MacEwan University! Company spokesman described the how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai situation by stating they had an excess of workers and that they had to beginning essay writing the fessenden school, reduce. ( nordicbusinessreport ) British Airways is essay writing quotes ics — international community school to cut 1700 cabin crew jobs and freeze pay as it continues to slash costs. how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai! The change will cut the number of cabin crew jobs by 1700 reducing the how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai current total of 14000. And also airline confirmed that it was planning two year pay freeze on the basic pay. All of which company says are efforts to change the overall structure of Airlines business strategy. Critical thinking students St. Johnsbury Academy! ( the Independent, 2009 ). Midwest Airlines - announced its plans to reduce its workforce by about 1200 employees, or 40percent of staffing levels. how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai! The reductions will take the essay writing quotes ics — international community school form of how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai furloughs or position eliminations, depending on job function. Company also informed that reductions are spread throughout the what is critical thinking in education albert college airline's flight operations and in-flight operations. This action is taken to reduce the how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai costs and improve the competitiveness of the company. ( Journal of Transportation, 2008 ) Compaq the how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai personal computer group blamed the sharp slowdown in Europe would lead to an what is critical thinking in education albert college, additional 1500 job cuts. Company statement said that economic slowdown is spreading overseas, and that company will move more swiftly and go even deeper in their structural cost reduction programmes, by doing which company aims to achieve maximum competitiveness in such situations. ( The Independent, 2009 ) BT - revealed to axe up to 15000 posts in the coming year. BT said it was aiming to cut the jobs through natural wastage, non replacement and voluntary redundancy. And that BT would do all it could to protect the jobs of its permanent staff, pledging that some workers would be redeployed and retrained. Company also announced that there will also be more flexible work patters introduced, including call centre staff based at how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai home rather than in an office. ( The Journal, 2009 ) Novastar - a residential mortgage lender and portfolio investor today announced a reduction in how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai workforce to how to write law essays northfield mount hermon, align its organisation with changing conditions in the mortgage market. It will affect about 17% of the what is critical thinking in education albert college company. how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai! The actions focus on the company's wholesale loan origination group and related functions, including employees in what is critical thinking in education albert college its headquarters. This particular action focuses on how to write law essays northfield mount hermon, new rules company will implement in market. Critical thinking students St. Johnsbury Academy! ( Business wire, 2007 ) AOL - The American internet service provider plans to shed 5000 employees, almost quarter of its workforce, as it goes through a radical restructuring intended to reinvent the business in the face of falling subscribers. how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai! This restructuring will see many people doing de-jobbing in the face of these changes. ( The Guardian, 2006 ) Barclays - Banking giant is to axe 188 jobs at call centres in how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai Liverpool as it moves to an automated system for issuing ISA accounts. The bank said staff previously carried out the work are no longer needed and the job losses will affect call centres in Liverpool city centre. ( ITN , 2009) EMI - music giant is how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai to axe up to 2000 jobs as part of how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai a drive to save future of the company. The cuts will be focused on the group's recorded music division, and that company was struggling for challenges posed by digital media. ( Yorkshire Post, 2008 ) Sainsbury's - were expected to axe 350 of its top managers this week. Those losses will be from London head office and what is critical thinking in education albert college will unusually include 80 senior executives as the group attempts to sweep away bureaucracy generated by its top heavy management. ( The Birmingham Post, 1999 ) Vodafone - is all set to what is critical thinking in education albert college, part company with 450 employees from its operations in the UK. Vodafone is to dismiss a fifth of how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai its senior head office managers even as the firm would be recruiting about 500 sales and retail staff. Vodafone tells that they want to shift the emphasis from administration to sales. ( PTI, 2008 ) NTL - were to axe 600 jobs from its workforce by the end of 2007. The cable giant said it would be outsourcing a significant number of jobs as well as cutting posts as part of its integration strategy following the merger with Telewest in March. ( The Guardian, 2006 ) Shell - oil giant yesterday announced that it plans to axe almost a fifth of how to write law essays northfield mount hermon its offshore workforce, sparking industry fears about the safety of North Sea platforms. Company said job losses on 16 platforms in the Northern and Central North Sea would lead to how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai, improvements in safety, production and efficiency and that only a small proportion of the cuts would be maintenance related. ( The Scotsman, 2003 ) De la rue - in 2004 despite making significant profit, worlds biggest banknotes and chequebooks producing company said that it will axe 350 jobs. De La Rue said it planned to return the expected 8 million a year savings to investors through a combination of progressive dividends. ( Evening News Scotland, 2004 ) Glaxo Smith Kline - Britain's biggest pharmaceuticals company, plans to axe 6000 jobs around the world as it faces up to the growing challenges in the industry. Competition from how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai generic manufacturers and how to write law essays northfield mount hermon doubts about company's pipelines are posing a serious threat to the sector. ( PTI, 2009 ) Scottish Water - in 2003 wanted to how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai, cut 900 jobs, the company had struggled with high costs arising from Scotland's Victorian drainage system and has been told by the regulator that it needs to make cost cuts. Spokesman for Labour Party in Scotland described situation as company trying to become more efficientand remain in public sector. ( The Telegraph, 2003 ) All in all, de-jobbing is what we are facing these days. And if we want to critical thinking subjects stevenson academy, be successful we as individuals must be alert for all the critical thinking subjects stevenson academy changes taking place around us. The world is on the brink of something big, in terms of how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai change. Essay writing quotes ICS — International Community School! Yes! Change important but can we keep up with the change which is happening around us or not that is the how to write reflective essays University of Wollongong in Dubai important point. How to write law essays Northfield Mount Hermon! As it was discussed in de-jobbing part of this paper, jobs as we know them are disappearing or vanishing. Who knows after a century there won't even be a word called job. De-jobbing is the word most companies like and would like to apply in their companies, because it allows organisations to get more than one thing from its employee. The style and the way we do our jobs are changing rapidly and it won't be a surprise to see one person doing multiple tasks a century from now. * (Cited December 12th, 2009) http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_definition_of_Dejobbing. * “Fujitsu to axe 1200 UK jobs”, The Telegraph, (26/08/09), http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/6093262/Fujitsu-to-axe-1200-UK-jobs.html. * (Cited December 9th, 2009) http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/downsizing.html. * “Versace axes 350 jobs as recession hits wealthy”, The Times, (28/10/09), http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/retailing/article6893820.ece. * (Cited December 16th, 2009) http://www.citeman.com/2255-dejobbing/ * “Ericsson axes 700 staff and shuts Coventry site”, The Times, (10/10/09), http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/telecoms/article6911224.ece. * (Cited December 14th, 2009) http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/job.html. * “Lloyds to cut further 5000 jobs”, The Guardian, (10/11.09) http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2009/nov/10/lloyds-cuts-more-jobs. * “BBC to axe 2000 more jobs”, Evening Standard, (London 18/12/09) http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-17403105-bbc-to-axe-2000-more-jobs.do. * “Barclays to critical thinking subjects stevenson academy, axe 188 Liverpool obs”, ITN, (23rd june, 2009), HighBeam Research, http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-202432171.html. * “Rolce Royce plans to cut UK 140 jobs”, The Telegraph, (20/10/08), http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/financetopics/recession/3488013/Rolls-Royce-plans-to-cut-UK-140-jobs.html. * “Glaxo Smith Kline to axe 600 workers”, Press Trust of India, (1st February, 2009), Highbeam research, http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-192930031.html. * “Scottish Water cuts a fifth of workforce”, The Telegraph, (23rd April, 2003), http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/2849805/Scottish-Water-cuts-a-fifth-of-workforce.html. * “Scania plans workforce reductions in Brazil”, Nordic Business Report, (17th july.