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argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education

This resource outlines the article on writing newcastle university, generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. Writing a history essay Hotel Institute Montreux. Keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. Your structure needs to argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience. The following sections outline the how to write a review essay the university of illinois in chicago, generally accepted structure for an academic argument paper. Keep in mind that these are guidelines and writing a scholarship essay thompson rivers university that your structure needs to argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience. You may also use the following Purdue OWL resources to help you with your argument paper: The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions: What is this? Why am I reading it? What do you want me to do? You should answer these questions by doing the following: Set the context –provide general information about the main idea, explaining the situation so the reader can make sense of the topic and the claims you make and support State why the main idea is important –tell the reader why he or she should care and keep reading. Your goal is to article on writing newcastle university create a compelling, clear, and convincing essay people will want to read and argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education act upon State your thesis / claim –compose a sentence or two stating the position you will support with logos (sound reasoning: induction, deduction), pathos (balanced emotional appeal), and ethos (author credibility). For exploratory essays, your primary research question would replace your thesis statement so that the audience understands why you began your inquiry. An overview of the types of sources you explored might follow your research question. If your argument paper is long, you may want to essay research paper istituto marangoni paris forecast how you will support your thesis by outlining the structure of your paper, the sources you will consider, and the opposition to your position. You can forecast your paper in many different ways depending on the argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, type of paper you are writing. Your forecast could read something like this: First, I will define key terms for essay research paper istituto marangoni paris, my argument, and argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education then I will provide some background of the situation. argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education. Next, I will outline the important positions of the argument and article on writing newcastle university explain why I support one of these positions. How to write easy essay Fanshawe College. Lastly, I will consider opposing positions and discuss why these positions are outdated. My friend essay writing Ashbury College. I will conclude with some ideas for taking action and possible directions for future research. When writing a research paper, you may need to use a more formal, less personal tone. argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education. Your forecast might read like this: This paper begins by providing key terms for the argument before providing background of the situation. Next, important positions are outlined and supported. To provide a more thorough explanation of these important positions, opposing positions are discussed. argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education. The paper concludes with some ideas for taking action and possible directions for future research. Ask your instructor about what tone you should use when providing a forecast for your paper. These are very general examples, but by adding some details on your specific topic, a forecast will effectively outline the structure of your paper so your readers can more easily follow your ideas. Your thesis is more than a general statement about your main idea. It needs to establish a clear position you will support with balanced proofs (logos, pathos, ethos). Use the checklist below to argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education help you create a thesis. This section is my friend essay writing ashbury college adapted from Writing with a Thesis: A Rhetoric Reader by David Skwire and Sarah Skwire: Make sure you avoid the following when creating your thesis: A thesis is not a title: Homes and writing a scholarship essay thompson rivers university schools (title) vs. Parents ought to participate more in the education of their children (good thesis). argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education. A thesis is not an announcement of the writing a history essay hotel institute montreux, subject: My subject is the incompetence of the Supreme Court vs. The Supreme Court made a mistake when it ruled in favor of George W. Bush in the 2000 election. How to write easy essay Fanshawe College. A thesis is not a statement of writing a scholarship essay thompson rivers university, absolute fact: Jane Austen is the author of Pride and Prejudice. A thesis is not the whole essay: A thesis is argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education your main idea/claim/refutation/problem-solution expressed in a single sentence or a combination of sentences. Please note that according to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Seventh Edition, "A thesis statement is a single sentence that formulates both your topic and your point of view" (Gibaldi 42). argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education. However, if your paper is more complex and argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education requires a thesis statement, your thesis may require a combination of sentences. Make sure you follow these guidelines when creating your thesis: _____ The thesis/claim follows the guidelines outlined above. _____ The thesis/claim matches the requirements and goals of the assignment. _____ The thesis/claim is argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education clear and essay research paper istituto marangoni paris easily recognizable. _____ The thesis/claim seems supportable by good reasoning/data, emotional appeal. This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and writing a history essay hotel institute montreux conclusions in an argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education academic argument paper. Keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. Writing a scholarship essay Thompson Rivers University. Your structure needs to be flexible enough to how to write a review essay the university of illinois in chicago meet the requirements of your purpose and audience. Your paper should be organized in a manner that moves from general to specific information. Every time you begin a new subject, think of an how to write easy essay fanshawe college inverted pyramid - The broadest range of information sits at the top, and as the paragraph or paper progresses, the author becomes more and more focused on the argument ending with specific, detailed evidence supporting a claim. Lastly, the author explains how and why the information she has just provided connects to and supports her thesis (a brief wrap-up or warrant). Image Caption: Moving from General to Specific Information. A good paragraph should contain at least the how to write a review essay the university of illinois in chicago, following four elements: T ransition, T opic sentence, specific E vidence and analysis, and a B rief wrap-up sentence (also known as a warrant ) –TTEB! A T ransition sentence leading in from a previous paragraph to assure smooth reading. argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education. This acts as a hand-off from one idea to the argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, next. A T opic sentence that tells the reader what you will be discussing in the my friend essay writing ashbury college, paragraph. Specific E vidence and analysis that supports one of argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, your claims and that provides a deeper level of detail than your topic sentence. A B rief wrap-up sentence that tells the reader how and why this information supports the paper’s thesis. The brief wrap-up is also known as the warrant. The warrant is how to write easy essay fanshawe college important to your argument because it connects your reasoning and support to your thesis, and it shows that the information in the paragraph is related to my friend essay writing ashbury college your thesis and helps defend it. Induction is the type of reasoning that moves from specific facts to a general conclusion. When you use induction in your paper, you will state your thesis (which is actually the conclusion you have come to after looking at all the article on writing newcastle university, facts) and then support your thesis with the facts. The following is an example of induction taken from Dorothy U. Seyler’s Understanding Argument : There is the dead body of Smith. Smith was shot in his bedroom between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 2:00 a.m., according to the coroner. Smith was shot with a .32 caliber pistol. The pistol left in the bedroom contains Jones’s fingerprints. argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education. Jones was seen, by a neighbor, entering the Smith home at around 11:00 p.m. the night of Smith’s death. A coworker heard Smith and Jones arguing in Smith’s office the morning of the day Smith died. Conclusion: Jones killed Smith. Here, then, is the example in bullet form: Conclusion: Jones killed Smith Support: Smith was shot by Jones’ gun, Jones was seen entering the scene of the crime, Jones and argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education Smith argued earlier in the day Smith died. argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education. Assumption: The facts are representative, not isolated incidents, and thus reveal a trend, justifying the conclusion drawn. When you use deduction in an argument, you begin with general premises and move to a specific conclusion. argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education. There is a precise pattern you must use when you reason deductively. This pattern is called syllogistic reasoning (the syllogism). Syllogistic reasoning (deduction) is organized in three steps: In order for the syllogism (deduction) to work, you must accept that the relationship of the two premises lead, logically, to the conclusion. Here are two examples of article on writing newcastle university, deduction or syllogistic reasoning: Major premise: All men are mortal. Minor premise: Socrates is a man. Conclusion: Socrates is mortal. Major premise: People who perform with courage and clear purpose in a crisis are great leaders. Minor premise: Lincoln was a person who performed with courage and a clear purpose in a crisis. My friend essay writing Ashbury College. Conclusion: Lincoln was a great leader. So in order for article on writing newcastle university, deduction to work in the example involving Socrates, you must agree that (1) all men are mortal (they all die); and argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education (2) Socrates is a man. If you disagree with either of writing a history essay hotel institute montreux, these premises, the conclusion is invalid. The example using Socrates isn’t so difficult to validate. But when you move into more murky water (when you use terms such as courage , clear purpose , and argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education great ), the connections get tenuous. For example, some historians might argue that Lincoln didn’t really shine until a few years into the Civil War, after many Union losses to Southern leaders such as Robert E. Lee. The following is a clear example of deduction gone awry: Major premise: All dogs make good pets. Minor premise: Doogle is a dog. Conclusion: Doogle will make a good pet. If you don’t agree that all dogs make good pets, then the conclusion that Doogle will make a good pet is invalid. When a premise in a syllogism is writing a scholarship essay thompson rivers university missing, the syllogism becomes an enthymeme. argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education. Enthymemes can be very effective in argument, but they can also be unethical and lead to article on writing newcastle university invalid conclusions. Authors often use enthymemes to persuade audiences. The following is an example of an argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education enthymeme: If you have a plasma TV, you are not poor. The first part of the enthymeme (If you have a plasma TV) is the stated premise. The second part of the statement (you are not poor) is the conclusion. Therefore, the unstated premise is argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education “Only rich people have plasma TVs.” The enthymeme above leads us to how to write a review essay the university of illinois in chicago an invalid conclusion (people who own plasma TVs are not poor) because there are plenty of people who own plasma TVs who are poor. Article on writing Newcastle University. Let’s look at this enthymeme in writing a scholarship essay thompson rivers university, a syllogistic structure: Major premise: People who own plasma TVs are rich (unstated above). Minor premise: You own a plasma TV. Conclusion: You are not poor. To help you understand how induction and argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education deduction can work together to form a solid argument, you may want to argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education look at the United States Declaration of Independence. My friend essay writing Ashbury College. The first section of the Declaration contains a series of writing a history essay hotel institute montreux, syllogisms, while the middle section is an inductive list of examples. The final section brings the first and second sections together in a compelling conclusion. This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education academic argument paper. Keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and writing a scholarship essay thompson rivers university not strict rules about organization. How to write easy essay Fanshawe College. Your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience. In order to present a fair and convincing message, you may need to anticipate, research, and outline some of the my friend essay writing ashbury college, common positions (arguments) that dispute your thesis. If the situation (purpose) calls for you to do this, you will present and argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education then refute these other positions in the rebuttal section of your essay. It is important to consider other positions because in most cases, your primary audience will be fence-sitters. Fence-sitters are people who have not decided which side of the argument to support. People who are on your side of the argument will not need a lot of information to align with your position. People who are completely against your argument—perhaps for ethical or religious reasons—will probably never align with your position no matter how much information you provide. Therefore, the audience you should consider most important are those people who haven't decided which side of the argument they will support—the fence-sitters. In many cases, these fence-sitters have not decided which side to align with because they see value in argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, both positions. Therefore, to not consider opposing positions to writing a history essay hotel institute montreux your own in a fair manner may alienate fence-sitters when they see that you are not addressing their concerns or discussion opposing positions at all. Following the TTEB method outlined in the Body Paragraph section, forecast all the information that will follow in the rebuttal section and then move point by point through the other positions addressing each one as you go. Article on writing Newcastle University. The outline below, adapted from argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education Seyler's Understanding Argument , is an example of argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, a rebuttal section from a thesis essay. When you rebut or refute an opposing position, use the writing a scholarship essay thompson rivers university, following three-part organization: The opponent’s argument : Usually, you should not assume that your reader has read or remembered the argument you are refuting. My friend essay writing Ashbury College. Thus, at the argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, beginning of your paragraph, you need to argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education state, accurately and fairly, the main points of the argument you will refute. Your position : Next, make clear the argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, nature of your disagreement with the argument or position you are refuting. Your position might assert, for argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, example, that a writer has not proved his assertion because he has provided evidence that is writing a history essay hotel institute montreux outdated, or that the argument is filled with fallacies. Your refutation : The specifics of argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, your counterargument will depend upon the nature of your disagreement. If you challenge the writer’s evidence, then you must present the more recent evidence. If you challenge assumptions, then you must explain why they do not hold up. If your position is that the piece is filled with fallacies, then you must present and explain each fallacy. This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. Keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. Your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, your purpose and audience. Conclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. After moving from argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education general to specific information in the argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument. Conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research. Writing a history essay Hotel Institute Montreux. The following outline may help you conclude your paper: Restate your topic and why it is article on writing newcastle university important, Restate your thesis/claim, Address opposing viewpoints and argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education explain why readers should align with your position, Call for action or overview future research possibilities. Remember that once you accomplish these tasks, unless otherwise directed by argumentative speech Glion Institute Of Higher Education, your instructor, you are finished. Done. Complete. Don't try to bring in new points or end with a whiz bang(!) conclusion or try to solve world hunger in the final sentence of your conclusion. Simplicity is best for a clear, convincing message. The preacher's maxim is one of the most effective formulas to follow for argument papers: Tell what you're going to tell them (introduction). Tell them what you told them (conclusion). 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