The kingdom was founded by Moshoeshoe I, who faced by Boer encroachment onto Basotho grazing lands from one direction, and violent population upheavals precipitated by the military rise of Shaka Zulu in writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College,
Natal from how to write a research essay macewan university,
another. Moshoeshoe I, then a minor chief, initially led his people to a mountain refuge where they established a new settlement; subsequently he established a policy of writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College
affording haven to refugees willing to writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College
help with defense.
Moshweshwe established the Basotho kingship through conquering and subjugating various traditional communities, including Mankwane, Mahlubi, Bakwena, Makgwakgwa, Batloung, Bataung and Bahlakwana. The Bakwena trace their origin to Kwena who lived roundabout 1450. These traditional communities acknowledged Moshweshwe to be their leader and king. They were absorbed to writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College
form the Basotho nation, and shared sesotho customs, language and culture.
Moshweshwe welded together fragmented Basotho communities round about 1818, during the Mfecane Wars. He built them together into a unified people. writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College.
Thus the Basotho kingship was born. Lesotho was established in 1823. Moshweshwe placed Paulos Mopeli as morena wasebaka1 at Mabolela, east of writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College
present day Ladybrand. The wars between Basotho and writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College,
the Voortrekkers (1865 вЂ“1868) dispossessed Lesotho of much of its territories.
Moshoeshoe, seeking in the 1820s to protect his people from the worst ravages of the difaqane, fortified a large mesa, Thaba Bosiu, that proved impregnable to attack for decades thereafter. Can you write my essay North Broward Preparatory School.
With this natural fortress as his base, he built a large kingdom, welcomed in particular refugees from famine and wars elsewhere, and critical reading critical thinking skoda auto university,
provided them with food and shelter.
These refugees, once incorporated into the state, were considered Sotho like their hosts; thus, as with the Zulu, ever larger numbers were integrated into a group with a consolidated ethnic identity, a practice that furthered the process of nation building. Moshoeshoe also sought to strengthen his kingdom militarily, especially by acquiring guns and horses from the Cape. A superb diplomat, he sought to maintain cordial relations with all his neighbors, even paying tribute on occasion to Shaka and websites to write essays sandy spring friends school,
seeking always to writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College
avoid war. Believing that they could act as emissaries on his behalf to the intruding European powers while also teaching his children to read and write, he welcomed French Protestant missionaries as potential allies.
In 1824 Moshoeshoe shifted his headquarters to a more easily defensible hilltop called Thaba-Bosiu. Under Moshoeshoe I the Basotho - who had adopted horses and guns from their erstwhile opponents - inflicted some sharp defeats on their European enemies. By the mid-1830s, Moshoeshoe's kingdom comprised about writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College,
30,000 people and was the largest state on the southern Highveld. During Moshoeshoe's reign (1823-1870), a series of wars with South Africa (1856-68) resulted in the loss of extensive Basotho land, now known as the "Lost Territory." In order to protect his people, Moshoeshoe appealed to Queen Victoria for websites to write essays sandy spring friends school,
assistance, and in 1868 the land that is present-day Lesotho was placed under British protection as the xat essay writing university of california, los angeles (ucla)
the Basutoland Protectorate.
Basutoland, an writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College,
inland colony, was annexed to Cape Colony in 1871, but placed under the direct control of the Crown in 1884. It is now governed by a Resident Commissioner, under the High Commissioner for South Africa. It was divided into writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College,
seven districts, and subdivided into wards, presided over by hereditary chiefs allied to writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College
the Mosesh family. Laws were made by proclamation of the High Commissioner, and administered by native chiefs. writing a synthesis essay Ardingly College.
Appeals are heard by how to write a research essay macewan university
Assistant Commissioner, the ultimate Court of Appeal being the High Commissioner. A Pitso or National Assembly was held once a year to discuss and explain matters of common interest. Passports were required by the natives, also licences to trade. Spirituous liquors were forbidden. European settlement was prohibited.