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short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University

Prompt: Compare and contrast the motives and actions of short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University, Martin Luther in the German states and King Henry VIII in England in bringing about religious change during the Reformation. Over the course of the sixteenth century, a myriad of reforms swept across Europe. Papal corruption, the print press, the Renaissance, and personal ambitions all paved the way for religious reform. short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University! Two such reforms were headed by the German priest Martin Luther and the English King Henry VIII, one motivated by gardening essay writing washington academy religious fervor and the other by personal desires. While Luther and Henry VIII differed in motives and writing a grad school essay the storm king school, actions, they both accomplished a complete separation from the Catholic church. Luther and Henry VIII’s reasons for reform sprung from entirely different sources. Luther disagreed with the Catholic church over the doctrine that allowed the selling of indulgences – assurances of freedom from purgatory – to lay people. After careful study of the Scriptures, Luther decided that salvation was achieved not by indulgences or even good works by faith alone. As a miner’s son of working-class background, Luther did not want to short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University, see the laity taken advantage of by the clergy. For these reasons, Luther hoped to english literature coursework fountain valley school of colorado, initiate reform within the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University Catholic church. Henry VIII’s reasons for his break with the church came from his desire to marry Anne Boleyn. He asked Pope Clement VII to announce that the king’s previous marriage to Catherine of Aragon was null and voice. When Pope Clement refused because Pope Julius II had granted King Henry VIII dispensation to marry Catherine in the first place, Henry contemplated splitting from the church solely to fulfill his matrimonial plans. His decision was solidified by a desire to take the wealthy lands of all the English monasteries. Unlike Luther, King Henry’s motives were purely selfish and were unrelated to religion. The actions that Luther and Henry VIII took to writing an article critique western sydney university (navitas), forge new religions were likewise completely different, though there were a few similarities. Luther’s first step was to attempt reform within the Catholic church. He did this by publishing and publicizing his 95 Theses on the subject of indulgences and salvation through faith. Critical thinking in business Marianapolis Preparatory School! He then spent a considerable amount of time researching the history of the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University papacy, eventually denying that it had any authority. Luther wrote treatises and tracts to elicit the sympathy of the German public and princes. “On Christian Liberty” led the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University peasant class to believe Lutheranism would lift their oppression. “An Appeal to the write my essay australia newcastle university Christian Nobility of the German Nation” invited Christian princes to take over the wealth of the German monasteries. Luther needed the support of the masses to bring about his reform. This differed greatly from short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University King Henry VIII’s course, which only required administrative power. Henry VIII put two bills through Parliament. One, the Act in Restraint of Appeals, indicated that all the Church of England was under the king’s jurisdiction and short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University, no one could appeal to the Pope. Like Luther, Henry VIII denounced the authority of the papacy. The second act, the Supremacy Act, set up the king as the supreme head of the church that all English clergy had to swear to. With Parliament at his command, King Henry could order England’s religion to change and it would. These actions separate him from the campaign involved in Luther’s reform. Although Luther and Henry VIII went about it in different ways, they accomplished similar breaks from the church. Luther created an entirely new religion that would eventually be practiced in different regions and under different names. His reform led to fighting sparked by religious differences, such as the German peasants’ revolt. Lutheranism was also the cause of short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University, several other reforms such as Calvinism and the Catholic Reformation. Luther achieved an entirely new religion confirmed as official faith of northern Germany by the Peace of Augsburg. Like Luther, King Henry VIII began a religion that would be passed on to the new world as the Anglican Church. Writing a grad school essay The Storm King School! The English reformation initiated fighting over religion like the Pilgrimage of Grace. In addition, the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University Church of England gave birth to further reforms such as those made by english literature coursework fountain valley school of colorado Thomas Cranmer and his “Common Book of Prayer” and by the Puritans. Henry VIII’s religion was made the official religion of the whole of England by the Supremacy Act. Though they took place for different reasons, followed diverging courses, and involved different countries, the reforms initiated by Martin Luther and Henry VIII achieved many of the same results. These two reformations in Western and Central Europe paved the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University way for the religious wars of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century. short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University! They ushered in a new era of skeptical thought. Score: 9. This essay has a clear and short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University, concise thesis. The argument is dead-on. The organization and structure are textbook-perfect, and the writing is mature. Also the evidence is pretty abundant and the analysis thorough. The age of the Reformation in the 16th century witnessed the birth of new religions and the reforms of the old Catholic Church. Two prominent religious leaders of this period were Martin Luther of Germany and Henry VIII of France. They were similar in some ways, but different in others. While Luther and Henry both used political leverage and english literature coursework fountain valley school of colorado, renounced the papacy, they differed in their motives. For Luther and Henry, just their religious appeal did not convert the masses; politics did. Martin Luther appealed to the German princes to implement his ideas. He wrote An Appeal to the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University Nobility of the German Nation , in which he accused the Roman Catholic church of short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University, exploiting the Germans wealth. This appeal to German patriotism caused many otherwise apathetic German princes to convert to Lutheranism. Consequently, the princes’ subjects converted to short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University, Lutheranism, too, and english literature coursework fountain valley school of colorado, after the Peace of Augsburg, these conversions were lawfully enforced. Henry VIII in England also used his political power to set up the Church of England. He had the Parliament pass an Act in Restraint of writing my essay st. michael's school, Appeals – which forbade judicial appeals to the pope and making the state the highest judicial power in England – and the Supremacy Act – which established the king of write my essay australia newcastle university, England, Henry VIII, as the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University head of the writing my essay st. michael's school Church of England. The English had to convert to the Anglican Church, and Henry beheaded dissenters. Both Luther and Henry successfully used political leverage to set up their religions. In the act of forming their respective religions, Luther and Henry agreed again in renouncing the papacy. Luther posted “The 95 Theses on the Power of Indulgences” on the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University door of the church of Wittenberg to directly protest the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University selling of indulgences, which was authorized by Pope Leo X. Condemning indulgences was, in fact, condemning the pope, and his authority to write my essay australia newcastle university, grant pardons to the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University Christians. Opposing indulgences was not the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University end of opposing the pope, however, when the writing an article critique western sydney university (navitas) pope sent Luther a letter telling him to take back his words or be excommunicated, Luther burned the gardening essay writing washington academy letter – in public. Even when Luther actually was excommunicated, he went on his merry way and continued to spread his heretical ideas. Henry VIII also opposed the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University pope, although his reasons were more personal. After falling in love with Anne of Boleyn, Henry wanted a divorce from Catherine of Aragon. He claimed that God’s law forbids marriage to a brother’s widow, so his marriage to Catherine, his late brother’s widow, was invalid. This assertion implied two ideas: one, that Pope Julius II had erred in giving Henry marriage to Catherine, and two, that Julius had broken God’s law in writing a grad school essay the storm king school allowing the marriage and actually giving Henry a papal dispensation allowing it. In effect, Henry was proclaiming that the pope was not infallible and short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University, not a good Christian. However, Henry went further, with his Act of Supremacy. Not only did Henry show the critical thinking in business marianapolis preparatory school popes’ bad judgments and unreliability, he actually took away their authority and replaced them with himself as head of the English church. Henry completely crippled the pope in England, as Luther had in Germany. However, despite the two similarities between Luther and Henry, they had different motives – Luther’s was religious and Henry’s was political. Luther believed in following the Scriptures as Jesus and God had intended, and he tried his best to lead the people, the road to heaven. Luther did not plan to start a new religious sect; he did not plan to break from the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University Catholic church. He simply wanted to stop immoral practices such as selling of indulgences, simony, and pluralism and absenteeism. Luther started his reform for religious reasons. short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University! Henry, on the other hand, broke from the church for personal and short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University, political reasons. Henry’s complicated love life led him to renounce the papacy and start his own religion to serve his own needs. short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University! The Catholic church in England was quite strong at the time. King Henry, however, wanted a divorce. So he formed the Anglican Church, which, interestingly enough, granted him a divorce. (He divorced several times afterwards, too.) Henry also tried to centralize power in the monarchy and make it more powerful by granting it control of the country’s religion, one of the most important aspects of culture at the time. Write my essay australia Newcastle University! While Luther broke from the church for religion’s sake, Henry did for short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University his own sake. Luther and Henry, two major founders of new Christian sects, were similar in writing a grad school essay the storm king school many ways. However, their different backgrounds – humble priest and pompous and love-stricken king – caused them to differ in motives. Whatever the short persuasive essay Edith Cowan University cause, though, they both founded major religions that still stand today. Score: 9. This essay is particularly strong for its abundance of evidence, clear and thorough analysis, and mature writing.