Although some headway can be made in disentangling truth from embellishment, the true character of the youthful emperor will forever elude us. Gaius’s Early Life and Reign Gaius was born on 31 August, A. psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School.
D. How to write a thesis sentence for an essay The University of Westminster.
12, probably at the Julio-Claudian resort of Antium (modern Anzio), the third of another word for thinking monash university,
six children born to psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School,
Augustus’s adopted grandson, Germanicus, and Augustus’s granddaughter, Agrippina. As a baby he accompanied his parents on military campaigns in the north and was shown to the troops wearing a miniature soldier’s outfit, including the hob-nailed sandal called caliga, whence the nickname by which posterity remembers him. ]
His childhood was not a happy one, spent amid an atmosphere of paranoia, suspicion, and murder. Instability within the Julio-Claudian house, generated by psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School,
uncertainty over how to write a thesis sentence for an essay the university of westminster,
the succession, led to a series of personal tragedies. When his father died under suspicious circumstances on 10 October A. D. 19, relations between his mother and his grand-uncle, the emperor Tiberius, deteriorated irretrievably, and the adolescent Gaius was sent to creative essay writing university of central florida,
live first with his great-grandmother Livia in A. D. 27 and then, following Livia’s death two years later, with his grandmother Antonia.
Shortly before the fall of Tiberius’s Praetorian Prefect, Sejanus, in A. D. 31 he was summoned to join Tiberius at his villa on Capri, where he remained until his accession in A. D. 37. In the psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School
interim, his two brothers and advertisements to write essays on marianapolis preparatory school
his mother suffered demotion and, eventually, violent death. psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School.
Throughout these years, the only position of administrative responsibility Gaius held was an honorary quaestorship in A. D. 33. [] When Tiberius died on 16 March A. D. 37, Gaius was in a perfect position to assume power, despite the obstacle of Tiberius’s will, which named him and his cousin Tiberius Gemellus joint heirs.
Gemellus’s life was shortened considerably by this bequest, since Gaius ordered him killed within a matter of months. ) Backed by how to write a thesis sentence for an essay the university of westminster,
the Praetorian Prefect Q. Sutorius Macro, Gaius asserted his dominance. He had Tiberius’s will declared null and void on grounds of insanity, accepted the powers of the Principate as conferred by the Senate, and entered Rome on 28 March amid scenes of wild rejoicing. His first acts were generous in spirit: he paid Tiberius’s bequests and piece of persuasive writing st. louis school
gave a cash bonus to the Praetorian Guard, the first recorded donativum to troops in imperial history.
He honored his father and psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School
other dead relatives and publicly destroyed Tiberius’s personal papers, which no doubt implicated many of the Roman elite in the destruction of Gaius’s immediate family. Finally, he recalled exiles and reimbursed those wronged by the imperial tax system []. His popularity was immense. Yet within four years he lay in a bloody heap in a palace corridor, murdered by psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School,
officers of material online western sydney university (navitas),
the very guard entrusted to protect him. Advertisements to write essays on Marianapolis Preparatory School.
What went wrong? Gaius’s “Madness” The ancient sources are practically unanimous as to the cause of Gaius’s downfall: he was insane.
The writers differ as to how this condition came about, but all agree that after his good start Gaius began to behave in an openly autocratic manner, even a crazed one. [] Outlandish stories cluster about the raving emperor, illustrating his excessive cruelty, immoral sexual escapades, or disrespect toward tradition and another word for thinking monash university
the Senate. The sources describe his incestuous relations with his sisters, laughable military campaigns in the north, the building of a pontoon bridge across the Bay at Baiae, and the plan to make his horse a consul. psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School.
Modern scholars have pored over these incidents and come up with a variety of explanations: Gaius suffered from psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School
an illness; he was misunderstood; he was corrupted by power; or, accepting the ancient evidence, they conclude that he was mad. How to write a thesis sentence for an essay The University of Westminster.
[] However, appreciating the nature of the ancient sources is crucial when approaching this issue. Their unanimous hostility renders their testimony suspect, especially since Gaius’s reported behavior fits remarkably well with that of the ancient tyrant, a literary type enshrined in piece of persuasive writing st. louis school
Greco-Roman tradition centuries before his reign.
Further, the only eye-witness account of Gaius’s behavior, Philo’s Embassy to Gaius, offers little evidence of outright insanity, despite the antagonism of the author, whom Gaius treated with the utmost disrespect. Rather, he comes across as aloof, arrogant, egotistical, and cuttingly witty — but not insane. The best explanation both for Gaius’s behavior and the subsequent hostility of the sources is that he was an inexperienced young man thrust into another word for thinking monash university
a position of unlimited power, the true nature of which had been carefully disguised by material online western sydney university (navitas),
its founder, Augustus.
Gaius, however, saw through the disguise and began to act accordingly. This, coupled with his troubled upbringing and psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School
almost complete lack of tact led to behavior that struck his contemporaries as extreme, even insane. Gaius and the Empire Gaius’s reign is too short, and the surviving ancient accounts too sensationalized, for any serious policies of his to be discerned. psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School.
During his reign, Mauretania was annexed and reorganized into two provinces, Herod Agrippa was appointed to creative essay writing university of central florida,
a kingdom in Palestine, and creative essay writing university of central florida
severe riots took place in Alexandria between Jews and Greeks.
These events are largely overlooked in the sources, since they offer slim pickings for sensational stories of madness. [] Two other episodes, however, garner greater attention: Gaius’s military activities on the northern frontier, and sample creative writing essays bournemouth university
his vehement demand for divine honors. His military activities are portrayed as ludicrous, with Gauls dressed up as Germans at his triumph and advertisements to write essays on marianapolis preparatory school
Roman troops ordered to collect sea-shells as “spoils of the sea. ” Modern scholars have attempted to piece of persuasive writing st. louis school,
make sense of these events in various ways.
The most reasonable suggestion is that Gaius went north to earn military glory and discovered there a nascent conspiracy under the commander of psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School,
the Upper German legions, Cn. Lentulus Gaetulicus. The subsequent events are shrouded in uncertainty, but it is known that Gaetulicus and Gaius’s brother-in-law, M. Aemilius Lepidus, were executed and Gaius’s two surviving sisters, implicated in the plot, suffered exile. How to write a thesis sentence for an essay The University of Westminster.
Gaius’s enthusiasm for psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School
divine honors for himself and his favorite sister, Drusilla (who died suddenly in creative essay writing university of central florida
A. D. 8 and was deified), is presented in the sources as another clear sign of his madness, but it may be no more than the young autocrat tactlessly pushing the limits of the imperial cult, already established under Augustus. Gaius’s excess in this regard is best illustrated by his order that a statue of sample creative writing essays bournemouth university,
him be erected in the Temple at Jerusalem. Only the delaying tactics of the Syrian governor, P. Petronius, and the intervention of Herod Agrippa prevented riots and a potential uprising in sample creative writing essays bournemouth university
Palestine. [] Conspiracy and Assassination.
The conspiracy that ended Gaius’s life was hatched among the officers of the Praetorian Guard, apparently for purely personal reasons. It appears also to have had the support of some senators and piece of persuasive writing st. louis school
an imperial freedman. [] As with conspiracies in creative essay writing university of central florida
general, there are suspicions that the plot was more broad-based than the sources intimate, and it may even have enjoyed the support of the next emperor Claudius, but these propositions are not provable on available evidence. psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School.
On 24 January A. D. 41 the praetorian tribune Cassius Chaerea and other guardsmen caught Gaius alone in a secluded palace corridor and cut him down.
He was 28 years old and had ruled three years and ten months. [] Conclusion Whatever damage Tiberius’s later years had done to the carefully crafted political edifice created by Augustus, Gaius multiplied it a hundredfold. When he came to power in A. How to write a thesis sentence for an essay The University of Westminster.
D. 37 Gaius had no administrative experience beyond his honorary quaestorship, and had spent an unhappy early life far from advertisements to write essays on marianapolis preparatory school
the public eye. He appears, once in creative essay writing university of central florida
power, to psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School,
have realized the boundless scope of psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School,
his authority and acted accordingly. For the elite, this situation proved intolerable and ensured the blackening of psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School,
Caligula’s name in the historical record they would dictate.
The sensational and hostile nature of that record, however, should in no way trivialize Gaius’s importance. His reign highlighted an inherent weakness in the Augustan Principate, now openly revealed for what it was — a raw monarchy in which only the self-discipline of the incumbent acted as a restraint on psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School,
his behavior. That the only means of sample creative writing essays bournemouth university,
retiring the psychology critical thinking Sevenoaks School
wayward princeps was murder marked another important revelation: Roman emperors could not relinquish their powers without simultaneously relinquishing their lives.