The kingdom was founded by Moshoeshoe I, who faced by essay writing criteria The Mount, Mill Hill International,
Boer encroachment onto Basotho grazing lands from one direction, and violent population upheavals precipitated by the military rise of Shaka Zulu in Natal from another. Moshoeshoe I, then a minor chief, initially led his people to how to write a basic essay international school eerde,
a mountain refuge where they established a new settlement; subsequently he established a policy of affording haven to refugees willing to help with defense.
Moshweshwe established the Basotho kingship through conquering and subjugating various traditional communities, including Mankwane, Mahlubi, Bakwena, Makgwakgwa, Batloung, Bataung and creative thinking techniques st. george’s school,
Bahlakwana. The Bakwena trace their origin to Kwena who lived roundabout 1450. These traditional communities acknowledged Moshweshwe to promoting critical thinking pickering college,
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form the Basotho nation, and shared sesotho customs, language and culture.
Moshweshwe welded together fragmented Basotho communities round about essay writing criteria The Mount, Mill Hill International
1818, during the Mfecane Wars. He built them together into a unified people. Thus the Basotho kingship was born. Lesotho was established in 1823. Moshweshwe placed Paulos Mopeli as morena wasebaka1 at Mabolela, east of present day Ladybrand. The wars between Basotho and the Voortrekkers (1865 â€“1868) dispossessed Lesotho of much of its territories.
Moshoeshoe, seeking in the 1820s to protect his people from the worst ravages of the difaqane, fortified a large mesa, Thaba Bosiu, that proved impregnable to how to write a basic essay international school eerde,
attack for decades thereafter. With this natural fortress as his base, he built a large kingdom, welcomed in particular refugees from famine and wars elsewhere, and provided them with food and essay writing criteria The Mount, Mill Hill International,
These refugees, once incorporated into the state, were considered Sotho like their hosts; thus, as with the Zulu, ever larger numbers were integrated into a group with a consolidated ethnic identity, a practice that furthered the essay writing criteria The Mount, Mill Hill International,
process of nation building. Moshoeshoe also sought to strengthen his kingdom militarily, especially by essay writing criteria The Mount, Mill Hill International,
acquiring guns and horses from the Cape. A superb diplomat, he sought to maintain cordial relations with all his neighbors, even paying tribute on occasion to Shaka and seeking always to avoid war. Believing that they could act as emissaries on his behalf to the intruding European powers while also teaching his children to read and write, he welcomed French Protestant missionaries as potential allies.
In 1824 Moshoeshoe shifted his headquarters to essay writing criteria The Mount, Mill Hill International,
a more easily defensible hilltop called Thaba-Bosiu. Under Moshoeshoe I the Basotho - who had adopted horses and guns from their erstwhile opponents - inflicted some sharp defeats on their European enemies. By the mid-1830s, Moshoeshoe's kingdom comprised about 30,000 people and was the largest state on the creative thinking techniques st. george’s school,
southern Highveld. During Moshoeshoe's reign (1823-1870), a series of best books on essay writing oregon state university (into)
wars with South Africa (1856-68) resulted in the loss of extensive Basotho land, now known as the "Lost Territory." In order to protect his people, Moshoeshoe appealed to Queen Victoria for best books on essay writing oregon state university (into),
assistance, and in 1868 the land that is present-day Lesotho was placed under British protection as the the Basutoland Protectorate.
Basutoland, an inland colony, was annexed to Cape Colony in 1871, but placed under the direct control of the Crown in 1884. It is now governed by a Resident Commissioner, under the essay writing about environment d'overbroeck's college,
High Commissioner for South Africa. Promoting critical thinking Pickering College?
It was divided into seven districts, and write essay topic monash university,
subdivided into wards, presided over by hereditary chiefs allied to essay writing criteria The Mount, Mill Hill International,
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Laws were made by proclamation of the High Commissioner, and administered by native chiefs. Appeals are heard by Assistant Commissioner, the ultimate Court of Appeal being the essay writing criteria The Mount, Mill Hill International,
High Commissioner. A Pitso or National Assembly was held once a year to discuss and explain matters of common interest. Passports were required by the natives, also licences to trade. Spirituous liquors were forbidden. European settlement was prohibited.