Chittaranjan Das whose life is a landmark in the history of India‚Äôs struggle for freedom was amiably called ‚ÄėDeshbandhu‚Äô (Friend of the country). He belonged to an upper middle calss Vaidya family of Telirbagh of the Then Dacca District. An fervent member of the Brahma samaj. He was also well-known for his intellectual and how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
Journalistic pursuits for the sole object of attaining freedom.
Chhitranjan Das was bron on November 5 1870 in Calcutta. Das descended from a family of ‚ÄėVaidyas‚ÄĚ (Physicians). His father, Bhuben Mohan Das, was a lawyer and how to write essay in english macquarie university
journalist. His mother‚Äôs name was Nistarini Devi.
After receiving his early education at the London Missionary Society‚Äôs Institution at how we can write essay St. Georgeís School,
Bhowanipore (Calcutta), Chhitranjan passed the entrance examination in 1885 as a private candidate. He graduated from the Presidency College in 1890. He then went to England to compete for the I.C.S., but he was ‚Äúthe last man out‚ÄĚ in his career. Therefore, he joined the Inner Temple and was called to the Bar in 1894. Das developed a logical mind owing to how to write article essay albert college
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a deep sense of hospitality owing to his mother. how we can write essay St. Georgeís School!
As a child, Das was deeply imbued with patriotism and how to write article essay albert college
recited patriotic poems. Das developed a keen interest in Bengali literature and read most works of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee and Rabindranath Tagore.
He started practicing in the Calcutta High Court and had the opportunity to defend national works like Bipin Chandra Pal and affordable essay writing service monkton combe school
Aurobindo Ghosh. In 1907 he appeared as the defence lawyer of Brahma (Bhadhav) Upadhaya and Bhupendranath Dutta who were prosecuted for sedition. His abilities as an advocate evoked general admiration, though he did not succeed in baffling the prosecution. The turning point in his career came when he was called upon to appear on behalf of Aurobindo Ghosh in the Alipore Bomb Case (1908). Nobody was ready to defend Ghosh except Chittranjan Das. The entire trial last for 126 days. 200 witnesses were examined, 4000 paper exhibits and 500 material exhibits in the critical thinking online macquarie university
form of bombs and explosives were filed in the case. Das‚Äôs concluding statements alone lasted for 9 days. Auronbindo Ghosh was acquitted. Das accepted no fee for defending Ghosh; in fact he incurred a heavy loss of Rs 15000 by the time the critical thinking classes queen anneís school
case was finalized. It was due to his brilliant handling of the case that Aurobindo was ultimately acquitted. This case brought Das to the forefront professionally and politically. Chittrajan was also the how to write article essay albert college
defence counsel in the Dacca conspiracy Case (1910-11). He was aimed for his handling of both civil and criminal law.
In 1917, das came to the forefront of nationalist politics and was invited to preside over the Bengal Provincial Conferene held at Bhowanipore. At the how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
Conference Chittaranjan gave in Bengali his memorable presidential speech, animated by lofty idealism and patriotic fire. Chhitranjan‚Äôs political career was brief but meteoric. In course of only eight years (1917-25) he rose to all-India fame by virtue of his ardent patriotism, sterling sincerity and oratorical power. Critical thinking online Macquarie University!
His advent into politics in 1917 took place at a crucial moment. In 1918, both at the Congress special session in Bombay and Annual Session in Delhi, Das opposed the Scheme of Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms as wholly inadequate and how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
disappointing. The demand for Provincial Autonomy was successfully propounded in the teeth of vehement opposition from how to write essay in english macquarie university,
Mrs. Beasan and others. In 1919 Chhitranjan went to affordable essay writing service monkton combe school
Punjab as a member of how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
the non-official Jallianwala Bagh Enquiry Committee. At the Amritsar Congress (1919) he made the first advocacy of obstruction while opposing the idea of cooperation with the Government in the implementation of the 1919 Reforms.
In 1920 at special session of how to write article essay albert college
the Congress held at Calcutta presided over by Lajpat Rai, Gandhiji announced his famous programme of Non-cooperation. Das moved a resolution declaring the reforms ‚Äúinadequate, unsatisfactory and critical thinking online macquarie university
disappointing‚ÄĚ. He appealed to the Government to how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
make a conscientious accepted Das‚Äôs resolution with a few amendments. Affordable essay writing service Monkton Combe School!
He, however, had the support of Pal, Malaviya, Jinnah and Mrs. Besant. how we can write essay St. Georgeís School!
Three months later the Congress met at Nagpur where he, however, accepted Gandhiji as leader,. Das declared that he would give up his practice to set an example for the people. Das played an important role in the boycott of the arrival of argumentative issue kensington park school
Prince of Wales in Calcutta on November 17, 1920. When the Prince stepped into argumentative issue kensington park school
the city he found it deserted. He organized the congress Volunteers Corps for how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
effectively implementing Congress programs. He enrolled one crore volunteers to raise Rs 1 crore for the Tilak Swaraj Memorial Fund. The volunteers were involved in picketing government offices, shops selling foreign goods, liquor shops. They were also involved in selling khaddar. This led to an unprecedented mass awakening. Besides the Non-Cooperation Movement, the large-scale exodus of critical thinking online macquarie university
the coolies from the Assam tea garden and the strike of the Assam-Bengal railway employees engaged his attention in 1921.
Not only how we can write essay St. Georgeís School,
he was astute lawyer but also a man with literary taste. He has works like Mala and Antaryami (poems expressing religious spirit and devotion), and Kishore kishori (poem expressing the eternal love between Lord Krishna and how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
Radha). Along with Aurobindo Ghosh, he founded the how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
famour journal Bande mataram. He was also the Editor in Chief of the journal ‚ÄúForward‚ÄĚ, a mouthpiece of the Swaraj party. The fallout of the boycott of colleges resulted in many students with no educational institution for study. Das set up the how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
Bengal national College to argumentative issue kensington park school
fulfill the demands of the students. In December 1921 Das was arrested. While getting into the police car Das told the crowd, ‚Äúmen and how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
women of India, this is my message to how to write essay in english macquarie university
you, victory is in sight if you are prepared to win it through suffering‚ÄĚ. Conches were blown and flowers showered on how we can write essay St. Georgeís School,
Deshbandu (literally: friend of the nation) as he was fondly called for the sacrifices he made for the freedom struggle, as the police car started. Deshbandhu was first imprisoned in the Presidency jail and was shifted to the Central jail where many of hisfollowers were imprisoned. Deshbandhu founded the Swaraj Party in 1923 along with Motiala Nehru for maintaining continued participation in how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
legislative councils. The party was soon recognized as the parliamentary wing of the Congress. In Bengal many of the candidates fielded by the Swaraj Party were elected to council. The Governor invited Deshbandhu to form a government but he declined. The party came to be a powerful opposition in the Bengal Legislative Council and inflicted defeats on three ministries.
The Calcutta Municipal Act of 1923 was a major landmark in the how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
history of local self-government in India. The Swarajists were elected to the Calcutta Corporation in a majority in how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
1924. Deshbandhu was elected to the Calcutta corporation in a majority in how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
1924. Deshbandhu was elected mayor and Subhash Chandra Bose was appointed Chief Executive officers. After giving up his legal practice Deshbandhu went from a richest man in Calcutta to poorest. His liabilities amounted to one lakh rupees. The only asset he had was his huge building in critical thinking classes queen anneís school
Calcutta which he wanted to gift to the nation. how we can write essay St. Georgeís School!
Deshbandhu set up a fund, which was later made the Deshbandhu Memorial fund through Gandhiji intervention to clear his liabilities, built a temple, established an orphanage and provide education to the masses. The total amount collected by the fund amounted to eight lak rupees. Deshbandhu‚Äôs home was converted to a hospital for women and is called Chhitranjan Seva Sadan.
With the legalization of the oppressive Bengal Ordinance which authorized arrest of individuals suspected of terrorism without probable cause, the struggle with the Government became more intense. Das had returned with a high fever from the Belgaum Congress session of 1925. When he heard that the ordinance was to be legalized on January7, 1925, deshbandhu declared from sickbed. ‚ÄúThe Black Bill is coming up for discussion. how we can write essay St. Georgeís School!
I must attend at any cost and oppose it.‚ÄĚ He was taken to the Council on a stretcher attended by two doctors. how we can write essay St. Georgeís School!
The bill was defeated.
Chhitranjan passed away on June 16, 1925 at Darjeeling at the age of 55. Great as a jurist, Chhitranjan was the greatest and most dynamic leader of then Bengal. On Deshanbhu‚Äôs death, Subash Chandra Bose said, ‚ÄúThe death of how we can write essay St. Georgeís School
Deshbandhu‚Ä¶was for India a national calamity‚Ä¶. .‚ÄĚ