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how to write an comparison essay Brighton College

Providing transitions between ideas is largely a matter of attitude. You must never assume that your readers know what you know. how to write an comparison essay Brighton College! In fact, it's a good idea to a-g courses list curtin university (navitas) assume not only that your readers need all the information that you have and need to know how you arrived at the point you're at, but also that they are not quite as quick as you are. You might be able to how to write an comparison essay Brighton College leap from one side of the how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, stream to the other; believe that your readers need some stepping stones and be sure to place them in readily accessible and visible spots. There are four basic mechanical considerations in providing transitions between ideas: using transitional expressions, repeating key words and phrases, using pronoun reference, and using parallel form. Transitional tags run the gamut from the most simple — the little conjunctions: and, but, nor, for, yet, or, (and sometimes) so — to more complex signals that ideas are somehow connected — the conjunctive adverbs and transitional expressions such as however, moreover, nevertheless, on the other hand . The use of the little conjunctions — especially and how to become a critical thinker centennial college and but — comes naturally for most writers. However, the question whether one can begin a sentence with a small conjunction often arises. Isn't the conjunction at the beginning of the sentence a sign that the sentence should have been connected to the prior sentence? Well, sometimes, yes. How to become a critical thinker Centennial College! But often the how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, initial conjunction calls attention to the sentence in an effective way, and that's just what you want. Over-used, beginning a sentence with a conjunction can be distracting, but the device can add a refreshing dash to a sentence and speed the how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, narrative flow of your text. Restrictions against beginning a sentence with and or but are based on shaky grammatical foundations; some of the most influential writers in the language have been happily ignoring such restrictions for centuries.* Here is a chart of the transitional devices (also called conjunctive adverbs or adverbial conjunctions ) accompanied with a simplified definition of function (note that some devices appear with more than one definition): A word of caution: Do not interlard your text with transitional expressions merely because you know these devices connect ideas. They must appear, naturally, where they belong, or they'll stick like a fishbone in your reader's craw. (For that same reason, there is no point in write essay climate change cats college canterbury, trying to memorize this vast list.) On the writing to argue university of exeter (into), other hand, if you can read your entire essay and discover none of what are the steps to writing an essay colorado state university (into), these transitional devices, then you must wonder what, if anything, is holding your ideas together. Practice by how to write an comparison essay Brighton College inserting a tentative however, nevertheless, consequently . Reread the essay later to see if these words provide the glue you needed at those points. The ability to connect ideas by means of repetition of key words and how to write an comparison essay Brighton College phrases sometimes meets a natural resistance based on the fear of being repetitive. We've been trained to loathe redundancy. Now we must learn that catching a word or phrase that's important to a reader's comprehension of how to become a critical thinker centennial college, a piece and how to write an comparison essay Brighton College replaying that word or phrase creates a musical motif in that reader's head. Unless it is a-g courses list curtin university (navitas) overworked and obtrusive, repetition lends itself to a sense of coherence (or at least to the illusion of coherence). Remember Lincoln's advice: You can fool some of the people all of the how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, time, and all of the how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, people some of the time, but you cannot fool all of the people all of the time. In fact, you can't forget Lincoln's advice, because it has become part of the music of our language. Remember to use this device to link paragraphs as well as sentences. Pronouns quite naturally connect ideas because pronouns almost always refer the reader to something earlier in how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, the text. I cannot say "This is true because . . ." without causing the reader to how to write an comparison essay Brighton College consider what "this" could mean. Thus, the pronoun causes the reader to sum up, quickly and subconsciously, what was said before (what this is) before going on to the because part of how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, my reasoning. We should hardly need to add, however, that it must always be perfectly clear what a pronoun refers to. If my reader cannot instantly know what this is, then my sentence is ambiguous and misleading. Also, do not rely on unclear pronoun references to how to write an essay about your goals robert gordon university (navitas) avoid responsibility: " They say that . . ." Music in prose is write essay climate change cats college canterbury often the result of parallelism, the deliberate repetition of larger structures of phrases, even clauses and whole sentences. We urge you to writing to argue university of exeter (into) read the Guide's section on what are the steps to writing an essay colorado state university (into), Parallelism and how to write an comparison essay Brighton College take the accompanying quiz on recognizing parallel form (and repairing sentences that ought to use parallel form but don't). Pay special attention to the guided tour through the parallel intricacies within Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. Look at the following paragraph: The ancient Egyptians were masters of preserving dead people's bodies by making mummies of them. Mummies several thousand years old have been discovered nearly intact. The skin, hair, teeth, fingernails and toenails, and facial features of the mummies were evident. It is possible to diagnose the disease they suffered in how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, life, such as smallpox, arthritis, and nutritional deficiencies. The process was remarkably effective. Sometimes apparent were the fatal afflictions of the how to become a critical thinker centennial college, dead people: a middle-aged king died from a blow on the head, and polio killed a child king. Mummification consisted of how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, removing the internal organs, applying natural preservatives inside and out, and then wrapping the body in layers of how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, bandages. Though weak, this paragraph is not a total washout. It starts with a topic sentence, and the sentences that follow are clearly related to the topic sentence. How to write an essay response The University of Kansas! In the how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, language of writing, the paragraph is unified (i.e., it contains no irrelevant details). However, the a-g courses list curtin university (navitas), paragraph is not coherent . The sentences are disconnected from how to write an comparison essay Brighton College each other, making it difficult for the reader to follow the writer's train of thought. Below is how to become a critical thinker centennial college the same paragraph revised for how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, coherence. Italics indicates pronouns and repeated/restated key words, bold indicates transitional tag-words, and underlining indicates parallel structures. The ancient Egyptians were masters of preserving dead people's bodies by making mummies of them. In short , mummification consisted of how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, removing the internal organs, applying natural preservatives inside and out, and then wrapping the body in a-g courses list curtin university (navitas), layers of bandages. And the process was remarkably effective. Indeed , mummies several thousand years old have been discovered nearly intact. Their skin, hair, teeth, fingernails and write essay climate change cats college canterbury toenails, and facial features are still evident. Their diseases in life, such as smallpox, arthritis, and nutritional deficiencies, are still diagnosable . Even their fatal afflictions are still apparent : a middle-aged king died from a blow on the how to write an comparison essay Brighton College, head; a child king died from polio. The paragraph is now much more coherent. The organization of the information and the links between sentences help readers move easily from one sentence to the next. Notice how this writer uses a variety of writing to argue university of exeter (into), coherence devices, sometimes in combination, to achieve overall paragraph coherence.