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after they have completed the rest of the essay. Others write the introduction first but rewrite it significantly in light of what they end up saying in the body of their paper. The introductions for most papers can be effectively written in one paragraph occupying half to see-i critical thinking vrije universiteit amsterdam
three-quarters of the first page. Your introduction may be longer than that, and business issues articles Rugby School
it may take more than one paragraph, but be sure you know why. The size of your introduction should bear some relationship to the length and complexity of your paper. A twenty page paper may call for how to write application essay norwich university of the arts,
a two-page introduction, but a five-page paper will not. Get to the point as soon as possible. business issues articles Rugby School!
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raise your topic in your very first sentences. A common error is to begin too broadly or too far off topic. Avoid sweeping generalizations. If your essay has a thesis, your thesis statement will typically appear at the end of your introduction, even though that is not a hard-and-fast rule. You may, for example, follow your thesis with a brief road map to your essay that sketches the basic structure of your argument. The longer the paper, the more useful a road map becomes.
Consider these strategies for capturing your readers’ attention and for fleshing out your introduction:
Find a startling statistic that illustrates the seriousness of the problem you will address. Quote an expert (but be sure to introduce him or her first). business issues articles Rugby School!
Mention a common misperception that your thesis will argue against . Give some background information necessary for understanding the essay. Use a brief narrative or anecdote that exemplifies your reason for choosing the critique of a research article pomfret school
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In fleshing out your introduction, you will want to avoid some common pitfalls:
Don’t provide dictionary definitions, especially of words your audience already knows. Don’t repeat the assignment specifications using the professor’s wording. Don’t give details and in-depth explanations that really belong in your body paragraphs. You can usually postpone background material to the body of the essay.
A conclusion is not merely a summary of your points or a re-statement of your thesis. If you wish to summarizeвЂ”and often you mustвЂ”do so in fresh language. Remind the reader of how the evidence you’ve presented has contributed to your thesis. The conclusion, like much of the business issues articles Rugby School
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As with introductions, the length of the conclusion should reflect the length of the essay.
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If your essay deals with a contemporary problem, warn readers of the possible consequences of how to write application essay norwich university of the arts
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Most of the advice in this handout pertains to argumentative or exploratory academic essays. Be aware, however, that different genres have their own special expectations about beginnings and endings. Some academic genres may not even require an introduction or conclusion. An annotated bibliography, for example, typically provides neither. A book review may begin with a summary of the business issues articles Rugby School
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Check your assignment carefully for any directions about what to include in your introduction or conclusion.